Japan: Government Institutions & Programs
Regulatory agencies and other Japanese ministries, bureaus, and programs are described in this section.
Japan: JaCVAM - National Validation Center
The Japanese Center for the Validation of Alternative Methods (JaCVAM) is the national center specializing in the validation of alternative methods to reduce, refine, and/or replace (the 3Rs) the use of animals in testing for regulatory toxicology.
Japan: 3Rs Centers & Other Organizations
Scientific, industry-sponsored, and academic organizations in Japan that are operating to advance the 3Rs or have some related interest.
Japan: Legislation & Animal Welfare Oversight
Information on the regulation and oversight of animal care and use for testing and research, and legislation related to alternative methods in Japan.
Japan: The Way Forward
Invited expert commentaries on The Way Forward pertaining to research, test method validation, programs and/or policies in Japan.