EU Institutions & Agencies
The European Union (EU) was established in the wake of the Second World War to promote peace, security, socioeconomic solidarity, and other shared values among many diverse cultures. The resultant EU political system is unique in the world: a confederation of 27 countries operating in 23 official languages through a "supranational" system of governance, under which member countries delegate some of their decision-making powers to the following EU institutions:
- Council of Ministers
- European Parliament
- European Commission
EU Community Strategies
In addition to the directives, regulations, and implementing tools developed by EU institutions, a number of nonlegislative Community-wide strategies and action plans have also been proposed as a means of addressing issues of concern that cut across a number of regulatory sectors.
EU Validation Centers
European governmental and private centers specializing in the validation of in vitro, in silico, or alternative methods to reduce, refine, and/or replace the use of animals in regulatory toxicology.
EU 3Rs Centers & Initiatives
In addition to the efforts of ECVAM and other validation centers, a number of independent academic, government, and charitable centers also operate in the EU with more general 3Rs mandates.
The Way Forward
A collection of invited commentaries on The Way Forward pertaining to programs & policies in the European Union.
Food additives & flavorings
Genetically modified foods