Regulatory agencies and other Japanese ministries, bureaus, and programs are described in this section.
The Japanese Center for the Validation of Alternative Methods (JaCVAM) is the national center specializing in the validation of alternative methods to reduce, refine, and/or replace (the 3Rs) the use of animals in testing for regulatory toxicology.
Scientific, industry-sponsored, and academic organizations in Japan that are operating to advance the 3Rs or have some related interest.
Information on the regulation and oversight of animal care and use for testing and research, and legislation related to alternative methods in Japan.
Invited expert commentaries on The Way Forward pertaining to research, test method validation, programs and/or policies in Japan.