India Legislation & Animal Welfare Oversight

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India: Programs & Policies

India Legislation & Animal Welfare Oversight

Last updated: January 25, 2016

Animal experimentation in India is overseen by the Committee for the Control and Supervision of Experiments on Animals (CPCSEA), the committee formed for this purpose under the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960. CPCSEA operates under the aegis of the Ministry of Environment and Forests and is “duty bound to take all such measures as may be necessary to ensure that animals are not subjected to unnecessary pain or suffering before, during or after the performance of experiments on them. … All establishments engaged in research and education involving animals, are required to comply with the various guidelines, norms and stipulations set out by CPCSEA.”

CPCSEA’s primary functions are as follows:

  • “Registration of establishments conducting animal experimentation or breeding of animals for this purpose.
  • Selection and appointment of nominees in the Institutional Animal Ethics Committees of registered establishments.
  • Approval of Animal House Facilities on the basis of reports of inspections conducted by CPCSEA.
  • Permission for conducting experiments involving use of animals.
  • Recommendation for import of animals for use in experiments.
  • Action against establishments in case of violation of any legal norm/stipulation.”

In general, the following legislative Acts and Rules govern the use of animals in research and education in India: